How can we avoid contamination by bacteria? Bacteria are unicellular organisms, microscopic and can be found alone or in colonies. They cause infections that can be divided into two types: community – more commonly skin, throat and other infections, usually caused by bacteria that are more sensitive to antibiotics; and hospital – caused by bacteria resistant and adapted to the hospital environment where the greater use of antibiotics facilitates this resistance and the dissemination is facilitated by the local conditions, such as inadequate methods of sterilization or by transmission by the health professionals.
The population can and should take steps to prevent contamination by bacteria, which are not caught in the air – they are always transported by something or someone. The most appropriate measure is the correct hygiene of the hands, which are the main conductors not only of bacteria, but also of other germs. The infection prevention, an online course is also a good way to learn about these issues and about how to avoid them.
Tips for avoiding infection by bacteria
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water;
- Whenever possible use a product containing 70% alcohol;
- If you have any injuries, keep them clean and covered;
- Do not share towels and clothing in general;
- Keep the environment clean and airy where you live.
- Protect foods from insects, such as flies and cockroaches;
- Wash and disinfect fruits, vegetables and fruits well;
- Filter or boil the water for domestic use;
- Cook the food well.
- Keep them in a clean and separate place from where you stay;
- Maintain hygiene at least once a day;
- Follow the vaccination dates of the animal;
- Always collect the stools and wash the place where the animal urinated.